医療英会話049

 医療英会話キーワード辞典。一日3ページずつ音読。今日はpp.143-145.「眼外傷」から「ガングリオン」まで。今日のハイライトは「考え」「考える」「感覚」「環境」です。「かん」に入ってからもハイライトが多いのですね。
 
考え
thought, idea, opinion, assumption
Please feel free to speak about what you are thinking and feeling.
Let's listen to what the oncologist thinks.
The assumption seems to be wrong.
 
考える
think, consider, regard
think positively
What do you think of having radiotherapy?
I hope you will give my proposal carefully.
Smoking is regarded as one of the primary causes of lung cancer.
I expect that this medication will improve your symptoms.
 
感覚
sensation, feeling, sense, sensibility, perception, esthesia, sensory
Have you noticed any abnormal sensation?
Have you noticed any numbness or tingling?
have no sensation in one's right hand
 
間隔
How close together are the contractions?
The episodes of dizziness recurred at three-to-four month intervals.
 
がんがん
have a splitting headache
have a throbbing headache
hear a banging sound in one's ear
 
換気
ventilation
 
柑橘類
citrus fruits
Please do not take this medication with citrus fruits such as grapefruits.
 
環境
environment, surroundings, conditions situation, background
Is your work environment stressful?
adapt to the surroundings
be influenced by one's environment
 
桿菌
bacillus, rod-shaped bacterium
gram-negative bacillus
 

トルコの詩人による広島の少女の死の音楽

www.youtube.com

デルメンホルストで行われたワークショップ。戦争と精神医療の問題を改めて論じる素晴らしい学会です。そこでトルコ人アメリカで教えているトルコ史の研究者に教えてもらいました。ヒロシマで死んだ7歳の少女の音楽と詩です。

広島のような規模ではありませんが、王子脳病院も第二次世界大戦末の東京に空襲を受け、大被害を受けました。この空襲という力を考えなければなりません。それ以外にも栄養の問題とほとんど餓死のような状態がつられたことも重要です。そしてより長期的な伝統として、火災があります。江戸・東京は数多くの火災を経験し、その中で精神病院の患者の死者も出ていました。このあたりを、少しじっくりと見たいと思います。

医療英会話048

医療英会話048

 

医療英会話キーワード辞典。一日3ページずつ音読。今日はpp.140-142.「かわる」から「寛解」まで。今日のハイライトは「がん」です。一ページ半、合計で約3列の長大な例文たちです。もちろん読み込めばネガティヴな疾病感がありますが、それを踏まえて普通の疾患としての記述が多いですね。

 

代わる
We have replaced the old treatment with a new one.
I am sorry, but would you mind exchanging beds with her?
An experienced doctor will substitute for me, so please don't worry.

 

変わる
Starting today your medication will change.How have you been since I last saw you.

 


duct, canal, conduit, tube, tract, vessel, tunnel

 

がん
Do you want to be told if the diagnosis is cancer?
I suspect you may have cancer.
You have stomach cancer.
The cancer has already entered/spread to the lymph node.
The cancer has spread to the brain.

 

眼圧
the pressure within one's eye is high
Your eye pressure is higher than normal, so I will prescribe a medication to lower it.

 

肝移植
liver transplantation

 

肝炎
I think you have hepatitis.
The hepatitis has progressed and it seems to be turning into cirrhosis.

 

眼科
the department of ophthalmology

 

がん化
remove a polyp that is likely to become cancerous.

 

寛解
remission
reach a clinical remission
There is no complete cure for this disease, but partial remission is possible.
Happily, he has been in remission for over a year.

ブレーメンの音楽隊

f:id:akihitosuzuki:20191209120131j:plain

ブレーメンの音楽隊!

デルメンホルストという街でワークショップ。昨日はお昼休みにあたる時間を2時間くらいとって、隣にある大きな街のブレーメンの音楽隊の銅像を観に行きました。ブレーメンの駅から人の流れに乗ると自然にこの銅像の前に来ます。帰りには駅の近くのベトナム・レストランでご飯を食べました。

医療英会話046

医療英会話キーワード辞典。一日3ページずつ音読。今日はpp.134-136.「カフェイン」から「通う」まで。

カフェイン
You should avoid drinks containing caffeine.
caffeine poisoning

カプセル
Please take two capsules three times a day.

かぶる
Put this hat one.
Even if you were a wig when you go out, you find it easier and more comfortable to wear a hat around the house.

かぶれる
have you ever had a skin rash from using alcohol wipes.

花粉
have/develop an allergy to Japanese cedar pollen.

過保護
an overprotective mother
She was brought up by overprotective parents.

構う
Do you mind if I ask you a personal question.

鎌状赤血球
sickle cell

我慢
This might hurt a little bit, but please be patient just a moment
You do not have to put up with pain.


As a side effect of the medication you might lose some of your hair.

かみ合わせ
His teeth do not meet properly bite.
I am going to look at the alignment of your teeth.

剃刀負け
Do you often get a razor rush.

噛む
Do you have any difficulty chewing?
Do not chew or swallow this tablet.

かむ
blow one's nose

仮面
a mask like face

かもしれない
It may/might be acute gastritis.
I suspect you have developed pneumonia.

かゆ
Which would you like regular rice or rice porridge.

かゆい
Do you feel itchy anywhere?

かゆみ
Does the itching clear up and then come back.

かゆみどめ
take medication to relieve/stop the itching

通う
How do you commute to work.

カテーテルと去勢

日本語のカテーテルという言葉がある。医学で体内と体外の液体をやりとりする意味である。第二音節にアクセントがある。たぶんオランダ語か、ドイツ語の der Katheter が起源になったのだろう。医学SMの排泄シーンでも出てきた記憶がある。英語だとcatheter となり、第一音節にアクセントがある。

その単語と混ざってしまうのが castrate である。意味は去勢。ドイツ語だと die Kastrationを引くことができた。もしかしたらフランス語が起源なのかもしれない。 英語だと第二音節にアクセントがある。キャストレーションと読むことが多いのではないかと思う。

catheter
NOUN
Medicine
A flexible tube inserted through a narrow opening into a body cavity, particularly the bladder, for removing fluid.
‘a urinary catheter’
Origin
Early 17th century from late Latin, from Greek kathetēr, from kathienai ‘send or let down’.

castrate
Pronunciation /kaˈstreɪt/ /ˈkastreɪt/
VERB
[WITH OBJECT]
1Remove the testicles of (a male animal or man).
1.1Deprive of power, vitality, or vigour.
‘a restrictive classicism would have castrated England's literature’
NOUN
A man or male animal whose testicles have been removed.
‘young human castrates, or eunuchs’
Origin
Mid 16th century (earlier (Middle English) as castration): from Latin castrare.

医療英会話045

医療英会話キーワード辞典。一日3ページずつ音読。今日はpp.131-133.「仮定」から「下部」まで。

仮定
Supposing that you keep smoking , your lung function will definitely decline.
It is no use talking about what could happen hypothetically, so let's discuss the treatment plan after getting the test results.

カテーテル
catheter, 第一音節にアクセント
insert a catheter into the bladder to drain the urine


The waiting room is on the corner.

過度
This is a symptom caused by to much drinking
Excessive dieting is dangerous.

カドミウム
cadmium poisoning

かなう
Let us make a treatment plan that suitable to your symptoms.
Her behaviour is quite reasonable.

悲しい
I am sorry but I have got sad news for you.
Do you ever feel sad for no apparent reason?

必ず
I will definitely come back after the meeting
I am sure that you will get better.
Always check with your doctor before starting any new medication.

かなり
Your blood pressure is pretty high.
Your white blood cell count is pretty low.
The Japanese cedar pollen levels in the air this year are predicted to be fairly high.

加入
Won't you join the patients' association of breast cancer?

加熱
Vitamin C is easily destroyed by heat treatment.

化膿
The wound has formed/become infected become purulent.

可能
Is it possible for your to come to the hospital every day to have a drip
If the cancer is in its earl stages, with this surgery, you will have a good chance of being completely cured.
If at all possible, we will extend your hospital stay until next Monday.

可能性
Is there any possibility that you are pregnant?
I would like to rule out other possibilities. So let's do some tests.
There is some possibility that your polyp will turn into cancer.

化膿止め
I will prescribe some aantibiotics

下半身
Please take your clothes off fro the waist down.
The lower part of her body is paralyzed.

かび
mold, musty
be allergic to mold
moldy food
must vaginal discharge

過敏
Do you have very sensitive skin?
She has become very nervous

寡婦寡夫
widow, widower

カフ
Let me put this cuff on your arm.